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    Who wants a pilot’s license to fly drones?



    From March 1, paragraph 2.7 of the Federal Aviation Regulations (FAP-494) comes into drive. According to the aviation guidelines permitted by the order of the Ministry of Transport dated November 10, 2020, drone house owners are required to acquire a pilot’s license.

    Clause 2.7 states that when performing aerial pictures contracts, firms should have interaction specialists who’ve been skilled in coaching packages permitted by the Ministry of Transport. That is, all individuals performing work beneath a civil regulation contract are required to bear coaching and have a certificates.

    According to head of the event division of the BRLAB drone laboratory, co-founder of the All-Russian League of Drone Racing RDR Alexandra Bakhvalova, FAP-494 requires {that a} distant pilot-operator (an individual flying a drone with a most take-off weight of 30 kg or much less) full a coaching program. However, it’s now not possible to satisfy this requirement, Bakhvalov believes, for the reason that Federal Air Transport Agency has not but permitted a coaching program for an exterior pilot of unmanned plane (UA).

    Why was the curriculum not permitted?

    The permitted aviation rules (FAR 147) don’t include necessities for an exterior pilot (a specialist within the operation of unmanned aerial methods).

    “There are no requirements, since now there is no code for the specialty “UAV Remote Pilot”. At the second, the Federal Air Transport Agency advises to stick to the already established necessities and anticipate clarifications after March 1, almost certainly, the entry into drive of the regulation will likely be postponed till the top of the yr, ”says Bakhvalov.

    Earlier, Andrey Borisenko, Chairman of the Council for Professional Qualifications of Air Transport, despatched a letter to the Ministry of Transport, by which he requested to postpone the entry into drive of clause 2.7 of FAP No. 494.

    Who must acquire a UAV operator certificates from March 1, 2022?

    Those who use drones weighing as much as 30 kg for private functions don’t want an operator’s certificates. But it’s required if the drone is used for industrial functions. So far, market contributors are in a semi-legal place, since nobody formally points paperwork confirming the {qualifications} of a distant pilot, and the requirement to bear coaching comes into drive solely from March 1, 2022.

    Where are you able to get a certificates?

    It is now not possible to get skilled in keeping with the packages permitted by the Federal Air Transport Agency, since the usual program has not but been permitted by the Ministry of Transport. According to Bakhvalov, in the meanwhile there may be solely a program permitted by the Ministry of Education of the Russian Federation, which is being carried out on the premise of the ATC. Hero of the Soviet Union, Pilot-Cosmonaut of the us Igor Petrovich Volk. Anyone can join a UAV exterior pilot course by link.

    Earlier, the profile affiliation Aeronext, with the participation of the Federal Air Transport Agency and a number of other different organizations, developed the skilled commonplace “Specialist in the flight and technical operation of unmanned aerial systems … up to 30 kg.” The doc spells out the overall necessities for drone operators. So, for instance, the pilot should be capable to put together the drone for flight, management the gadget, and likewise keep interplay with air visitors contributors and the State Corporation for Air Traffic Management within the Russian Federation, which controls the group of flights. The duties of the pilot additionally embrace conducting search operations within the occasion of an accident.

    Why use drones as much as 30 kg?

    Unmanned aerial automobiles (UAVs) as much as 30 kg are used for aerial pictures, monitoring of development websites and infrastructure. Such drones are additionally used within the group of air exhibits, in plane modeling and different areas.

    In 2021, in keeping with the Federal Air Transport Agency, 21.Three thousand drones as much as 30 kg had been registered within the Russian Federation, 80% of them belong to people. In whole, there are 42,000 drones within the company’s database.

    Who points permission to fly drones?

    If you will have a drone weighing greater than 250g, that you must register it. You can do that by means of public services portal. The registration process takes roughly 3-5 days.

    If the drone weighs greater than 250 g, then an airspace allow (UTI) is required to fly. It is issued by the Zonal Center of the Unified Air Traffic Management System (ATM).

    Permission to fly a drone over a settlement is issued by the administration of the settlement. It have to be obtained for every type of UAVs if the takeoff weight exceeds 250 g.

    Is it doable to launch a drone wherever you need?

    For flights over populated areas, it’s vital to acquire permission from native governments, after which, a day earlier than the supposed flight, submit an software for establishing a flight regime to the zonal middle for air visitors administration, and two hours earlier than contacting the dispatcher and informing him concerning the flight.

    For flights over cities of federal significance, together with over Moscow, that you must acquire permission from the chief authorities.

    “Within the Moscow Ring Road, all UAV flights are prohibited, and outside the Moscow Ring Road, the procedure for registering and conducting flights belongs to the general procedure, there are even online service to request registration and aerial work,” says Bazkhvalov.

    Where can drones fly?

    There is an entire checklist of locations over which drone flights are strictly prohibited. These are, for instance, airports, hazardous industries, strategic state and army services and different particular zones. And for flights over the territory of varied organizations, it’s vital, in flip, to acquire permission from their house owners.

    An entire map of areas the place drones can’t be launched is revealed on portal AOPA-Russia» and up to date in actual time.

    What threatens the violator for illegally launching a drone?

    For the unlawful launch of an unmanned plane, the Code of Administrative Offenses (Article 11.4) supplies for fines:

    • for people, they quantity to as much as 50 thousand rubles;
    • for authorized entities – as much as 300 thousand rubles.

    For inflicting minor or average hurt to well being on account of an unauthorized flight of an unmanned aerial car, a superb is supplied for:

    • for people – as much as 2.5 thousand rubles;
    • for authorized entities – as much as 100 thousand rubles.

    If the flight of a drone attributable to negligence the infliction of grievous bodily hurt or the loss of life of an individual, then felony legal responsibility arises. The violator faces a penalty of imprisonment for as much as two years. In addition, unlawful flights and filming of secret objects can result in felony penalties for espionage or unlawful acquiring of knowledge constituting a state secret.

    A supply:





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